Inclusive education is as a process of addressing and responding to the diverse needs of all learners by increasing participation in learning and reducing exclusion within and from education. It involves changes and modiﬁcations in content, approaches, structures and strategies, with a common vision which covers all children of the appropriate age range and a conviction that it is the responsibility of the regular system to educate all children. The objective of the inclusive education is to support education as a right for all, with special emphasis on removing barriers to participation and learning for disadvantaged groups, girls and women, children with disabilities and out-of-school children.
The National Policy of Education (NPE), 2020 in the section on “Equitable and Inclusive Education: Learning for All” has emphasized the need for removal of disparities and to equalize educational opportunity by attending the specific needs of those who had been denied so far. For achieving this especially in the case of children with disabilities many legislations and schemes have been enacted as mentioned below for the benefit of Children with Special Needs (CwSN). All stakeholders such as School Staff, Parents of CwSN etc. should be aware of these provisions to avail the benefits for CwSN.
IMPORTANT POLICIES, LEGISLATIONS AND SCHEMES
In 2018, MHRD (now onwards it’s called Ministry of Education (MoE)), GoI has launched Integrated Scheme on School Education under Samagra Shiksha subsuming the erstwhile schemes of IED-SSA and IEDSS-RMSA. It aims to look at the education of all children including children with Special Needs (CwSN) in a continuum from pre-nursery to Class XII. The scheme covers all CwSN with one or more disabilities as mentioned in the schedule of disabilities of the RPwD Act, 2016 studying in Government, Government-aided and Local body schools and benefit the CwSN by converging with different line Departments like Health Department for Assessment & Surgery, GCERT for Academic support, Social Justice & Empowerment Department for appliances, etc.
Key Objectives of the Scheme for Inclusive Education:
In the light of the above-mentioned scheme and its objectives, Inclusive Education for Children with Special Needs (IE-CwSN) branch under Samagra Shiksha, Gujarat is aiming to transform all Government Elementary and Secondary Schools into fully evolved Inclusive Schools in a phased manner by creating a barrier-free environment and conducting the following broad set of activitiesSamagra Shiksha State Team for IE-CwSN:
Different Types of Disabilities: List of Disabilities as identified under RPwD Act 2016Physical Disability
Speech and Language Disability
Chronic Neurological Conditions
For more details regarding the above listed disabilities please refer RPwD Act 2016 under Documents & Reports -> Reports-> Inclusive Education for CwSN
Links to relevant websites